A guy jumped from the roof that his house and landed on his feet. That complains that pain to his heels, knees, and lower back. This device of injury is an example of:

Axial loading.

You are watching: A short backboard or vest-style immobilization device is indicated for patients who:

Which the the complying with head injuries would reason the patient’s problem to deteriorate many rapidly?

Epidural hematoma.

When the parasympathetic nervous system is activated:

The heart price decreases and also the blood vessels dilate.

When assessing a patient through a head injury, you note the existence of thin, bloody fluid draining from his best ear. This indicates:

Rupture that the tympanic membrane following diffuse influence to the head.

The central nervous mechanism (CNS) is created of the:

Brain and also spinal cord.

In comparison to a cerebral concussion, a cerebral contusion:

Involves physical injury to the brain tissue.

The 5 sections that the spinal column, in diminish order, space the:

Cervical, thoracic, lumbar, sacral, and also coccygeal.

When immobilizing a sit patient with a short backboard or vest-style immobilization device, you should use a cervical collar:

After assessing distal neurovascular functions.

The most reliable authorize of a head injury is:

A decreased level the consciousness.

The spinal cord is encased in and protected by the:

Spinal canal.

After your companion assumes hands-on in-line stabilization of the patient’s head, girlfriend should:

Assess distal neurovascular status in the extremities.

In supine patients through a head injury, the head have to be elevated _____ to assist reduce intracranial pressure.

30 degrees.

Hyperextension injuries of the spine room MOST generally the result of:


A patient with a head injury presents through abnormal flexion the his extremities. What numeric value must you assign to him because that motor response?


When activated, the forgiveness nervous device produces every one of the following effects, EXCEPT:

Pupillary constriction.

A quick backboard or vest-style immobilization device is shown for patient who:

Are in a sit position and also are clinically stable.

A reflex arc occurs when:

A sensory nerve detects an irritating stimulus and bypasses the mind by sending a straight message to the motor nerve.

What part of the nervous device controls the body’s spontaneous activities?


The efficiency of positive-pressure ventilations when treating a head-injured patient have the right to ONLY be established by:

Immediate reassessment following the intervention.

You should be many suspicious that a patient has experienced a far-ranging head injury if his or her pulse is:


It would certainly be MOST ideal to perform a focused an additional assessment ~ above a patient who:

Fainted and also fell come the ground native a standing position.

An indicator that an broadening intracranial hematoma or swiftly progressing brain swelling is:

A rapid destruction of neurologic signs.

The cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) the circulates in between each meningeal layer:

Acts together a shock absorber because that the brain and spinal cord.

Which that the complying with breathing fads is most indicative of boosted intracranial pressure?

Irregular rate, pattern, and volume that breathing with intermittent periods of apnea.

If you do not have the appropriate-size cervical collar, you should:

Use rolled towels to immobilize the patient’s head.

The many common and serious complication of a significant head injury is:

Cerebral edema.

A momentary loss or alteration of part or every one of the brain’s abilities to role without physical damage to the brain MOST accurately explains a(n):

Cerebral concussion.

Which the the adhering to statements concerning a basilar skull fracture is correct?

The absence of raccoon eye or fight sign go not preeminence it out.

The _________ contain(s) around 75% that the brain’s full volume.


Bleeding within the mind tissue chin is called a(n):

Intracerebral hematoma.

A tight-fitting motorcycle helmet have to be left in place unless:

It interferes v your assessment of the airway.

Which that the following nerves bring information from the body to the brain via the spinal cord?


hich that the following interventions may be used to help reduce intracranial pressure?

30-degree elevation of the head.

The Glasgow Coma range (GCS) is offered to assess:

Eye opening, verbal response, and also motor response.

In a patient with a head injury, hypertension, bradycardia, and also Biot respirations indicate:

Herniation of the brain stem.

Which that the adhering to is no a symptom of a concussion?

Muscle tremors.

When immobilizing a patient on a lengthy backboard, you should:

Ensure the you for sure the torso prior to securing the head.

The frontal and also parietal skeletal of the skull are particularly susceptible to:

Depressed skull fractures.

A woman patient with a doubt head injury has slow, shallow breathing. The MOST proper treatment for she includes:

Ventilation help to maintain an ETCO2 the 30 to 35 mm Hg.

Common signs and also symptoms of a significant head injury include all of the following, EXCEPT:

A rapid, thready pulse.

The nervous device is split into the main nervous system and also the:

Peripheral concerned system.

An epidural hematoma is many accurately defined as:

Bleeding between the skull and also dura mater.

The tough, fibrous outer meningeal great is referred to as the:

Dura mater.

The _________ is the best-protected part of the CNS and also controls the functions of the cardiac and also respiratory systems.

Brain stem.

Injury to the head and also neck may suggest injury to the:

Cervical spine.

The appropriate procedure for moving an hurt patient from the ground to a backboard is:

The four-person log roll.

You respond come a 38-year-old guy who dropped while rock climbing. The is unconscious through an open airway. The respiration and pulse prices are within regular limits. His distal pulses space intact. You inspect his pupils and also find the they room unequal. You understand this might be a authorize of:

Increased intracranial pressure.

Once a cervical collar has actually been applied to a patient v a feasible spinal injury, it must not be gotten rid of unless:

It reasons a problem regulating the airway.

A 45-year-old male was functioning on his roof when he fell around 12 feet, landing top top his feet. He is conscious and also alert and complains the an ache in his lower back. The is breathing adequately and has stable critical signs. Friend should:

Immobilize his spine and perform a focused an additional exam.

Which the the following statements about motor nerves is correct?

They carry information indigenous the CNS to the muscles.

The hormone responsible for the action of the sympathetic nervous mechanism is:


Which that the adhering to nerves enable sensory and motor impulses come be sent from one nerve directly to another?


In i m sorry of the following cases would the EMT it is in the the very least likely to immobilize a patient’s spine?

No distracting injuries or evidence of intoxication.

Neck rigidity, bloody cerebrospinal fluid, and headache are connected with what kind of bleeding in the brain?

Subarachnoid hemorrhage.

Rapid deceleration the the head, together as once it impacts the windshield, causes:

Compression injuries or bruising to the anterior section of the brain and extending or tearing to the posterior part of the brain.

When immobilizing a trauma patient’s spine, the EMT manually stability the head should not let go until:

The patient has been fully secured to the backboard.

During your main assessment of a 19-year-old unconscious male who experienced significant head trauma, you keep in mind that his respirations room rapid, irregular, and also shallow. He has bloody secretions draining indigenous his mouth and also nose. You should:

Suction his oropharynx for up to 15 seconds.

Which the the adhering to sets of an essential signs depicts Cushing triad?

Blood pressure, 190/110 mm Hg; pulse, 55 beats/min; respirations, 30 breaths/min.

See more: For Lipids To Be Fluid At Room Temperature, They Should Have ________.

Which of the adhering to statements concerning secondary brain injury is correct?

Hypoxia and hypotension are the two most common causes of secondary brain injury.