Share / Tweet / Pin Me!


One of the interesting things about la famille and French family vocabulary is that the word parent means not just "parent" as in mother or father, but also "relative." It can be both a noun and an adjective.

You are watching: Family in french translation

Par exemple…

J’ai un parent à Lille.I have a relative in Lille.
Nous sommes parents par mon père.We’re related on my father’s side.

La famille

Close relations, next of kin = les proches

brotherun frèresisterune sœur
fatherun pèremotherune mère
sonun filsdaughterune fille
husbandspouseun mariun épouxwifespouseune femmeune épouse
uncleun oncleauntune tante
nephewun neveunieceune nièce
cousin – maleun cousincousin – femaleune cousine
grandfatherun grand-pèregrandmotherune grand-mère
great grandfatherarrière-grand-pèregreat grandmotherarrière-grand-mère
grandsonun petit-filsgranddaughterune petite-fille
great grandsonarrière-petit-filsgreat granddaughterarrière-petite-fille
Special family terms

Un aîné / une aînée can refer to an older brother/sister, the oldest brother/sister, or the first-born son/daughter.

Un cadet / une cadette can refer to a younger brother/sister or the second-born son/daughter in a family.

Le benjamin / la benjamine is the youngest child in a family.

 For twins, triplets, etc., see the "multiple births" section of Multiplicative numbers.

See more: What Was The Immediate Cause Of The Persian Wars Was, History Chapter 3 Flashcards

extended familyla famille étendue
blended familyla famille recomposée

Family by marriage ~ Famille par alliance

In French, there’s no distinction between step-family and family-in-law: they are both equivalent to beau- or belle- plus that family member.

But there are some additional terms for in-laws:
in-lawsles beaux-parents, la belle-famille
son-in-lawle gendredaughter-in-lawla bru
  What’s the difference?

For the non-native English speakers out there:

Step-family (Famille recomposée) has to do with a spouse who has children from a previous partnership:

My father’s new wife is my step-mother (belle-mère) and I am her step-daughter (belle-fille)My step-mother’s son is my step-brother (beau-frère) and I am his step-sister (belle-sœur)My new husband’s daughter is my step-daughter (belle-fille) and I am her step-mother (belle-mère)

Family-in-law is your spouse’s family and the family of your sibling’s spouse:

My husband’s mother is my mother-in-law (belle-mère) and I am her daughter-in-law (belle-fille or bru)My husband’s brother is my brother-in-law (beau-frère) and I am his sister-in-law (belle-sœur)My sister’s husband is my brother-in-law (beau-frère) and I am his sister-in-law (belle-sœur)My son’s wife is my daughter-in-law (belle-fille or bru) and I am her mother-in-law (belle-mère)

Other Family Matters

Adoptive Family ~ Famille adoptive
biological fatherpère biologiquebiological mothermère biologique
adoptive fatherpère adoptifadoptive mothermère adoptive
adopted sonfils adoptifadopted daughterfille adoptive
Foster Family ~ Famille nourricière / Famille d’accueil
foster fatherpère nourricier / d’accueil
foster mothermère nourricière / d’accueil
foster childenfant placé dans une famille
Godparents and Godchildren
godsonfilleulgoddaughterfilleule (pronounced like filleul)

Related features

PwLF grammar quiz

 French lesson plans

En español


In italiano

 Share / Tweet / Pin Me!