If you"ve ever before taken an attention in poetry, you might"ve to be intimidated by all the technological terms. In truth, part are an ext important 보다 others. The key is not to take a large bite out of a poetic dictionary yet rather start with a tiny foundation. The remainder will come normally as you continue to adopt this form of art. To acquire you started, right here are 20 important poetry terms to know, from alliteration come trochee.

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20 important Poetry terms to recognize

1. Alliteration

Alliteration is a funny sound maker to play approximately with. When offered well, you can create a standout phrase in poetry. The is a straightforward yet efficient repetition of early stage consonant sounds. An instance might be "the cerulean sky" or "the flighty fox."

2. Allusion

An allusion is a reference to a person, place, thing, or event. Typically, writers allude to miscellaneous they mean the audience will already know about. The concept may be genuine or imaginary, referring to anything from fiction, to folklore, to historic events.

For example, Seamus Heaney created an autobiographical poem titled "Singing School." The title itself alludes come a line from fellow Irish poet William servant Yeats. In "Sailing to Byzantium," Yeats writes:

Not is there to sing school yet studyingMonuments of its own magnificence

3. Anaphora

An anaphora is the repeat of the very same word or expression at the beginning of each line. This is done for emphasis and typically add to rhythm come a passage. In Joanna Klink"s city "Some feel Rain" the phrase "some feel" is recurring throughout, creating a pretty rhythm.

Some feel rain. Some feel the beetle startlein the ghost-part as soon as the barkSlips. Some feel musk. Sleep againsteach various other in the whiskey dark, scarcely there.

4. Anapest

Anapest is a metrical foot containing 2 unstressed syllables complied with by a stressed syllable. The is the turning back of dactyl meter. Lord Byron noted us through a an excellent example of anapestic tetrameter in his poem "The damage of Sennacherib." Here"s a sample:

Like the pipeline of the woodland when Summer is green,

That hold with their banners at sunset to be seen:

Like the leaves of the woodland when autumn hath blown,

That organize on the morrow put withered and also strown.

5. Assonance

Assonance is the repetition of collection sounds in ~ a tight team of words. This, too, is done because that emphasis and can reinforce a main message. Here"s a quick example indigenous Carl Sandburg"s "Early Moon." notification the repetition of the collection O and also A.

"Poetry is old, ancient and goes earlier far."


6. Blank Verse

In blank verse poetry, we usually see iambic pentameter that doesn"t rhyme. We"ll still reap a line v 10 syllables wherein the an initial syllable is unstressed and the 2nd is stressed. There simply won"t it is in an target to happiness the lines.

Wallace Stevens" "Sunday Morning" is great example that a poem composed in perfect empty verse.

7. Caesura

This is a intentional pause, break, or pivot in ~ a line. We generally see these significant by punctuation, including periods, exclamation marks, concern marks, and also especially dashes and twin slashes (//). Caesuras often show up in the middle of a poetic line yet can appear near the beginning or end too. Here"s an instance from Emily Dickinson"s "I"m Nobody":

I"m nobody! Who space you?

Are you - nobody - too?

Then there"s a pair of us!

Don"t tell! They"d advertisement - you know!

8. Couplet

A couplet, as the surname suggests, is composed of two lines. Typically, those 2 lines will have the same meter or rhyme. In the instance of the latter, you"d describe it together a rhyming couplet, i m sorry is very common in poetry. Together, the 2 lines usually consist of a complete thought. In william Shakespeare"s Hamlet, the location character says:

"The time is out of joint, O cursed spite

That ever before I to be born to set it right!"

9. Dactyl

Dactyl is a metrical foot containing a stressed syllable followed by 2 unstressed syllables. A well"known instance of dactylic meter is Alfred mr Tennyson"s "The charge of the irradiate Brigade:"

Half a league, fifty percent a league,

Half a organization onward,

All in the sink of Death

Rode the 6 hundred.

"Forward, the light Brigade!

Charge because that the guns!" he said.

Into the sink of Death

Rode the six hundred.


10. Enjambment

Enjambment is the extension of a sentence or expression from one heat of poetry to the next. You have the right to spot this as soon as you notification a lack of punctuation at the end of a line. In other forms of writing, a run-on sentence is taken into consideration a no-no. However, in poetry, if one line runs into the next, it"s merely an enjambment. Here"s an example from Derek Walcott"s "The Bounty":

Between the vision that the traveler Board and also the true

Paradise lies the desert wherein Isaiah"s elations

force a climbed from the sand. The thirty-third canto

cores the dawn clouds v concentric radiance,

the breadfruit opens its palms in worship of the bounty,

bois-pain, tree the bread, servant food, the bliss of john Clare,

11. Epigraph

In literature, this is a quick verse or quote that appears at the start of a poem, book or chapter, ~ the title. Typically, it touches upon a theme the city will elaborate upon, together in Joel Brouwer"s "Last Request." an epigraph can additionally be used as an chance to provide a summary or elevator information.

12. Foot

A foot is a an easy unit of measurement in poetry. The usually consists of 2 or 3 syllables. The most common feet in poetry contain one of two people a emphasize syllable adhered to by an unstressed syllable (trochee) or an unpled syllable complied with by a stressed syllable (iamb).

13. Iamb

This is just one of the most typical metrical feet in poetry. It is composed of an unrelated syllable complied with by a emphasize syllable. Words like "attain" and also "describe" space iambic. Us don"t stress the first syllable and the 2nd one is an ext pronounced.


14. Iambic Pentameter

Iambic pentameter describes a pattern wherein the lines in a city consist of 5 iambs, consisting of a full of 10 syllables. This way the line reads together an unstressed syllable, then a stressed syllable, then an unstressed syllable, and also then a emphasize syllable because that ten beats.

William Shakespeare"s "Sonnet 18" has iambic pentameter. In this example, an alert there room 10 syllables. The an initial is unstressed, the second is stressed, and so forth.

"Shall i compare thee to a summer"s day?"

15. Meter

Meter is the rhythmic measure up of a line. It specifies the sample of the beats. Meter is regularly interchanged with foot and feet. In poetry, you have the right to use the complying with terms to define the number of feet in a line.

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Monometer - A line v one footDimeter - A line v two feetTrimeter - A heat with three feetTetrameter - A heat with 4 feetPentameter - A heat with five feetHexameter - A line with six feetHeptameter - A line with seven feet

16. Luck Scheme

Rhyme scheme describes the sample of rhymes in ~ the finish of every line. It"s annotated with letters. For example, a four-line stanza with an ABAB luck scheme method the very first and third lines rhyme and also the 2nd and 4th lines rhyme.

Many that Shakespeare"s sonnets follow this happiness scheme. Letters that space joined together like this kind a stanza. Here"s an example of a shakespearean sonnet (Sonnet 130) that complies with an ABAB CDCD EFEF GG happiness scheme: