Learning
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A organized , relatively long-term readjust in actions that occurs through endure.

You are watching: _____ is the type of learning that occurs when an organism makes a connection between two events.

BehaviorismA theory of learning that concentrates exclusively on observable habits, discounting the importance of psychological activity such as thinking, wishing, and also hoping.
Associative LearningLearning that oocurs once an organism renders a link or an association, between two events.
Obsevational LearningLearning that occurs via observing and also imitating another's behavior.
Classical ConditioningLearning procedure in which a neutral stimulus becomes associated through an innately systematic stimulus and acquires the capacity to elicit a comparable response.
Unconditioned Stimulus (US)A stimulus that produces a response without prior learning.
Unconditioned Response (UR)An unlearned reaction that is immediately elicited by the unconditioned stimulus.
Conditioned Stimulus (CS)A formerly neutral stimulus that inevitably elicits a conditioned response after being paired through the conditioned stimulus.
Conditioned Response (CR)The learned response to the conditioned stimulus that occurs after conditioned stimulus- unconditioned stimulus pairing.
AcquisitionThe initial discovering of the link in between the unconditioned stimulus and also the conditioned stimulus when these 2 stimuli are paired.
Generalization (in classical conditioning)The tendency of a brand-new stimulus that is comparable to the original conditioned stimulus to elicit a response that is similar to the conditioned response.
Discrimination (in classical conditioning)The process of discovering to respond to certain stimuli and also not others.
Extinction (in classical conditioning)The weakening of the conditioned response as soon as the unconditioned stimulus is missing.
Spontaneous RecoveryThe procedure in classic conditioning through which a conditioned response have the right to recur after a time delay, without additionally conditioning.
RenewalThe recoincredibly of the conditioned response when the organism is inserted in a novel conmessage.
CounterconditioningA classical conditioning procedure for transforming the relationship between a conditioned stimulus and its conditioned response.
Aversive ConditioningA develop of treatment that is composed of repeated pairings of a stimulus through a really unpleasant stimulus.
HabituationDecreased responsiveness to a stimulus after repetitive presentations.
Operant Conditioned or Instrumental ConditioningA develop of associate discovering in which the consequences of a behavior adjust the probcapacity of the behavior's occurrence
Law of EffectThorndike's law stating that behaviors followed by positive outcomes are strengthened and also that behaviors folowed by negative outcomes are weakened.
ShapingRewarding successive approximations of a wanted behavior.
ReinforcementThe procedure by which a stimulus or event (a reinforcer) folowing a details actions rises the probcapacity that the habits will certainly happen aobtain.
Confident ReinforcementThe presentation of a stimulus following a provided actions in order to rise the frequency of that actions.
Negative ReinforcementThe removal of a stimulus following a offered habits in order to increase the frequency of that habits.
Avoidance LearningAn organism's discovering that it have the right to altogether stop negative a negative stimulus by making a details response.
Learned HelplessnessAn organism's learning via endure via negative stimuli that it has actually no regulate over negative outcomes.
Primary ReinforcerA reinforcer that is innately satisfying; one that does not take any discovering on the organism's part to make it pleasurable.
Secondary ReinforcerA reinforcer that acquires its positive worth through an organism's experience; an additional reinforcer is a learned or conditioned reinforcer.
Generalization(In Operant Conditioning)Performing a reinforced behavior in a different case.
Discrimination( In Operant Conditioning)Responding appropriately to stimuli that signal that a actions will certainly or will certainly not be reincompelled.
Extinction( In Operant Conditioning)Decreases in the frequency of a behavior when the behavior is no much longer reincompelled.
Schedules of ReinforcementSpecific trends that identify as soon as a behavior will be reinrequired.
PunishmentA consequence that decreases the likelihood that a habits will take place.
Confident PunishmentThe presentation of a stimulus following a provided habits in order to decrease the frequency of that habits.
Negative PunishmentThe removal of stimulus following a given behavior in order to decrease the frequency of that habits.
Applied Behavior Analysis or Behavior ModificationThe use of operant conditioning ethics to change human habits.
Latent Learning or Implicit LearningUnreinforced finding out that is not automatically reflected in habits.
Insight LearningA form of problem addressing in which the organism establishes a sudden insight right into or expertise of a problem's solution.
Instinctive DriftThe tendency of animals to revert to instinctive actions that interferes via discovering.

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PreparednessThe species-certain organic bias to learn in certain means yet not others.
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