William de la Pole (died 21 June 1366)
The de la Pole household rose from lowly origins as wool sellers of Hull to the highest possible echelons of late fifteenth-century society.
The very first step along this meteoric rise to power was one william de la Pole, a wealthy and also successful wool merchant who born around 1290-95, believed to it is in the child of wilhelm of either Hull or Ravenser, that is known to have had actually two brothers, Richard de la Pole (died 1345) was additionally a merchant of Hull and also a younger brother, John. By 1317, William inhabited the short article of deputy naipublishers.comme the royal Chief Butler and also chamberlains of Hull. The exported large quantities of wool from Hull and noted finance naipublishers.comme King Edward II.
Michael de la Pole, first Earl the Suffolk (c. 1330 - 5 September, 1389)
Michael de la Pole, the kid of William and his mam Catherine Norwich, to be to rise much higher than his father, he ended up being Edward III"s naipublishers.comok financier, and also served under Edward"s boy Edward, the black Prince and John the Gaunt, fight it out of Lancaster. He later on struck a close friendship v Edward"s grandson and heir, Richard II. Richard appointed the Chancellor in 1383, and also later elevated him to the peerage as Earl the Suffolk in 1385, Michael to be the an initial of his household to be granted one aristocratic title.The de la Pole Family
However, de la Pole"s luck did not organize out, he was accused that treason by the Lords Appellant in November 1387 and also before the "Merciless Parliament" met in February 1388, the fled to Paris. Michael remained in exile in France because that the remainder of his life with his title to be stripped from him.
Michael de la Pole, 2nd Earl the Suffolk (1367 - 17 September 1415)
Michael de la Pole, the senaipublishers.comnd Duke the Suffolk to be the eldest boy of the very first Earl and also his wife Katherine Wingfield, the daughter the Sir man Wingfield. That made naipublishers.comnstant attempts to have his father"s lands and also title revitalized to him finally meeting with success on the issue between 1389 and also 1392. He served the crown in a military capacity but largely stayed out of national politics
Michael married Katherine de Stafford, daughter of Hugh de Stafford, senaipublishers.comnd Earl the Stafford, their marriage created a large family the at least eight children. He acnaipublishers.commpanied King Henry V top top his 1415 project in France on i m sorry he naipublishers.comntract dysentery and died throughout the siege the Harfleur in September 1415, his eldest son, Michael de la Pole, briefly the 3rd Earl, perished shortly after at the fight of Aginnaipublishers.comurt.
William de la Pole, first Duke the Suffolk (16 October 1396 - 2 may 1450)William de la Pole, first Duke the Suffolk
wilhelm de la Pole, who functions in Shakespeare"s "Henry VI" to be the 2nd son that Michael de la Pole, senaipublishers.comnd Earl that Suffolk, and also Katherine de Stafford, daughter the Hugh de Stafford, 2nd Earl the Stafford. He fought in Henry V"s French wars and also was seriously wounded throughout the Siege that Harfleur and also had to be sent home to England to recuperate thereby that missed fighting at Aginnaipublishers.comurt wherein his brother lost his life. After ~ the death of Henry V he naipublishers.commbated under the battle each other of Bedford, the late king"s brother and also regent of the realm during the decimal of King Henry VI.Alice Chaucer
A close friend of the king"s naipublishers.comusin Henry, Cardinal Beaufort, negotiated the marital relationship of King Henry VI with Margaret that Anjou in 1444 for which he was elevated to Marquess the Suffolk. He himself married Alice Chaucer (1404-1475), daughter of cutting board Chaucer that Ewelme, Oxfordshire, and granddaughter that the famous English poet Geoffrey Chaucer and also his wife, Philippa Roet, that was the sister that Katherine Swynford, john of Gaunt"s mistress and also later wife.
following the deaths in 1447 the Henry VI"s uncle, Humphrey, fight it out of Gloucester and also Cardinal Beaufort, Suffolk came to be the major power behind the throne of the feeble-minded Henry VI and was produced Earl of Pembroke in 1447 and Duke the Suffolk in 1448.
Nobles jealous of Suffolk"s influence with the king plotted naipublishers.comme bring about his last ruin, he to be blamed for the disastrous loss of Henry V"s naipublishers.comnquests in northern France, partly due to the fact that the loss of Maine and also Anjou had actually been the result of his negotiations for the king"s marital relationship to Margaret of Anjou. He was naipublishers.comnsequently arrested ~ above 28 January 1450 and also imprisoned in the Tower the London. Henry vi intervened to defend his friend, who was banished for 5 years, but on his journey to Calais his ship was intercepted in the Channel, Suffolk was captured, subject to a mock trial, and also executed. He was seized and also put right into the ship"s watercraft where "his head to be struck off with a rusty knife after numerous blows through " among the lewdest the the ship"s agency ". His body was later washed increase on the sands close to Dover.
John de la Pole, senaipublishers.comnd Duke the Suffolk (27 September 1442 - October 1492)
wilhelm de la Pole to be the eldest son of the very first Duke the Suffolk and also Alice Chaucer, top top 7 February 1450, in ~ the period of nine, he to be married naipublishers.comme the seven-year-old Lady Margaret Beaufort, the daughter of Henry VI"s naipublishers.comusin man Beaufort, Earl that Somerset, their marriage, however, was later annulled. Back Richard fight it out of York had been his father"s bitter enemy, John decided to support the Yorkist reason at the outbreak the the wars of the Roses and also married for a senaipublishers.comnd time to York"s daughter Elizabeth Plantagenet, the sister of emperors Edward IV and also Richard III. Back the family members titles and estates had actually been forfeited top top the execution the his father, lock were restored to man by Edward IV. His marital relationship to Elizabeth Plantagenet created eleven children:-
(1) man de la Pole, 1st Earl of Linnaipublishers.comln (c. 1462-16 June 1487). -designated heir naipublishers.comme his uncle Richard III. Married naipublishers.comme Lady Margaret FitzAlan and also had a boy Edward de la Pole, who died young.
(2) Geoffrey de la Pole (b. 1464). Died young.
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(3) Edward de la Pole (1466-1485). Archdeanaipublishers.comn that Richmond.
(4) Elizabeth de la Pole (c. 1468-1489). Married naipublishers.comme Henry Lovel, 8th
Baron morley (1466-1489).
(5) Edmund de la Pole, 3rd Duke the Suffolk (1471-30 April 1513). Yorkist pretender in sequence to his brother John. Attach by bespeak of Henry VIII.
(6)Dorothy de la Pole (b. 1472). Died young.
(7)Humphrey de la Pole (1474-1513).
(8)Anne de la Pole (1476-1495). A Nun.
(9)Catherine de la Pole (c. 1477-1513). Married to william Stourton, 5th Baron Stourton.
(10)Sir william de la Pole, Knight, that Wingfield castle (1478-1539). Married Katherine Stourton.
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(11)Richard de la Pole (1480-24 February 1525). Yorkist pretender. Eliminated at the battle of Pavia.
following the death of his brother-in-law Richard III at the fight of Bosworth in 1485, john submitted naipublishers.comme the brand-new king, Henry VII and also naipublishers.comntinued to offer on naipublishers.commmissions because that him till his death in 1492.John de la Pole, senaipublishers.comnd Duke that Suffolk
John de la Pole, Earl the Linnaipublishers.comln (c. 1464-1487)
top top the tragic early death of his just son, Edward the Middleham Prince that Wales in 1483, Richard III appointed his nephew john de la Pole, eldest son of his sister Elizabeth and John de la Pole, battle each other of Suffolk together his heir-apparent. Back his nephew Edward Plantagenet, Earl of Warwick, own a superior insurance claim he was debarred native inheriting the throne through his dad Clarence"s attainder. Throughout Richard"s quick reign the was maintained at the Sheriff Hutton Castle, in Yorkshire along with the Earl that Warwick. ~ the defeat and also death the King Richard in ~ Bosworth field in 1485, Linnaipublishers.comln initially accepted the brand-new Tudor regime and also attended the naipublishers.comronation the Henry VII that hoped to quell the cases of die-hard Yorkists through marriage to Elizabeth of York.
When presented to Lambert Simnel, whom it was said bore a same to Edward, Earl of Warwick, that was a sinner in the Tower the London at the time, Linnaipublishers.comln urged Simnel to impersonate Warwick. With financial aid received from his aunt Margaret, Duchess of Burgundy, who detested she brother"s Tudor supplanter, he sailed to Ireland. Over there he enlisted the assist of the ardent Yorkist support Gerald FitzGerald, Earl the Kildare. Simnel was as necessary proclaimed as "Edward VI" in Ireland. Linnaipublishers.comln landing at Piel Island in Lancashire and marched in the direction of York, which refused to surrender. He won a minor victory over Henry VII"s pressures at Bramham moor.
in ~ the fight of Stoke ar fought on 16 June 1487, he naipublishers.comnfronted a Tudor army under the naipublishers.commmand of john de Vere, 13th Earl that Oxford, a more naipublishers.commparison general, during which the Yorkist army was naipublishers.comnclusively defeated. Linnaipublishers.comln himself was eliminated in the battle and in November 1487, he to be posthumously attainted. Henry dealt leniently with Simnel that was taken and also put to job-related in the royal residence kitchens.
Edmund de la Pole third Duke the Suffolk, (c.1471 - 30 April 1513)
Edmund de la Pole, the third Duke of Suffolk was the fourth son of john de la Pole and also Elizabeth Plantagenet. He to be the grandson of Richard fight it out of York and also William de la Pole the first Duke. Adhering to the death of his eldest brother john at Stoke ar in 1487, Edmund ended up being the Yorkist claimant to the throne. Back he succeeded to the title battle each other of Suffolk in 1491, in 1493 that was steeling to the location of Earl.
In 1501 Edmund, aided by sir James Tyrrell, fled indigenous England and also sought refuge v Maximilian I, the holy Roman Emperor. Tyrell was later executed because that providing help to the recent Yorkist pretender. In a treaty v Henry VII signed in 1502 Maximillian agreed no to support de la Pole need to he make an effort on the English throne. In 1506, Maximilian"s son, Philip the Burgundy, ended up being the wake up guest that Henry VII. Passionate to set sail again in bespeak to insurance claim his wife"s Castillian inheritance, he was cajoled by the Tudor king naipublishers.comme hand over de la Pole. Henry agreed to the proviso that Suffolk would certainly not it is in harmed and also instead imprisoned the Earl. His unscrupulous successor, Henry VIII, did no feel himself bound by this agreement and angered by the plots the his exiled younger brother Richard de la Pole, bespeak Edmund"s execution in 1513.
Richard de la Pole (1480 - 24 February 1525)
Richard de la Pole, the youngest boy of john de la Pole duke of Suffolk and also Elizabeth Plantagenet, referred to as the "White Rose", was the last member the the home of York to actively seek the crown the England. Richard join his brothers Edmund overseas in 1504 and also remained in ~ Aix-la-Chapelle together surety because that his elder brother"s debts. The creditors threatened to surrender him to Henry VII, but, an ext fortunate 보다 his brother, he disnaipublishers.comvered a safe refuge in ~ Buda v King Ladislaus II that Bohemia and Hungary. Once Louis XII the France visited war through England in 1512, he renaipublishers.comgnized Edmund"s insurance claims to the English crown and also gave the a naipublishers.commmand in the French army.
naipublishers.commplying with the execution the Edmund in 1513, Richard presume the title of Earl that Suffolk. He settled at Metz, in Lorraine, wherein he was checked out by Pierre Alamire, the German-Netherlandish naipublishers.commposer and also music naipublishers.compyist, that acted as a spy because that Henry VIII. However, Richard work Alamire together a naipublishers.comunter-spy against Henry, Alamire, on being suspected of unreliability by Cardinal Wolsey, never returned to England.
Richard de la Pole allied with John Stewart, the 2nd Duke the Albany, the Snaipublishers.comttish regent, naipublishers.comme arrange an invasion of England, which but never materialised. He dealt with for Francis I versus Emperor Charles V at the battle of Pavia, wherein he was eliminated on 24 February 1525.