Marieb thing 23 Digestive

QuestionAnswer
T/F: Food is included in the gastrointestinal street from the time of ingestion till it is totally digested and also the waste prepared for elimination. FalseIt's included in the stomach
T/F: Laparoscopy is the check of the pericardial cavity making use of an endoscope FalseExamination the the peritoneal cavity
T/F: as food passes through the digestive tract, it i do not care less facility and the nutrient are more readily available to the body.

You are watching: The peritoneum is the most extensive serous membrane in the body.

True
T/F: several of the microbes that often invade other organs that the body space rarely uncovered in the stomach. The reason for this is the visibility of HCl. True
T/F: The soft palate rises reflexing to open up the nasopharynx whe us swallow food. Falsereflexively closes off
T/F: Kupffer cell are found in the liver and also are responsible because that removing bacteria and also worn-out cells. True
T/F: The pharyngeal-esophageal step of swallowing is involuntary and also is regulated by the swallowing center in the thalamus and lower pons. Falsein the medulla and also lower pons
T/F: The cell kind of the wall of the big intestine, not included anal cells, is very different from that of the tiny intestine True
T/F: Pepsinogen is the precursor come the gastric enzyme because that protein digestion and also is secreted by the parietal cells. Falsesecreted by the cheif cells
T/F: The key chemical task of the stomach is to begin the cradle of proteins. True
T/F: chemical digestion of lipids is initiated in the mouth. Falseis initiated in the little intestine
T/F: The role of the enzyme outstanding amylase is to start digesting proteins. Falsedigesting starch
T/F: The peritoneum is the most comprehensive serous membrane in the body. True
T/F: Peyerʹs job are discovered in the submucosa of the distal finish of the little intestine. True
T/F: The myenteric nerve plexus provides the major nerve supply to the GI tract wall surface and controls GI motility. True
T/F: The an initial teeth to show up are the deciduous teeth. True
T/F: The very first teeth to show up are the deciduous teeth. True
T/F: The pancreas has actually both an endocrine and also an exocrine function. True
T/F: another term because that swallowing is deglutition. True
T/F: The stomachʹs contractile rate is collection by pacemaker cells uncovered in the spinal cord. Falsefounnd in smooth muscle layer
T/F: The major stimulus for manufacturing of intestinal liquid is distention or irritation of the minister mucosa by hypertonic or acidic chyme. True
T/F: many nutrients are soaked up through the mucosa that the intestinal villi by active transport. True
T/F: Ionic iron is actively transported into the mucosal cells, whereby it binding to the protein ferritin, a phenomenon referred to as the mucosal steel barrier. True
T/F: The layer of muscle in the intestine straight in call with the serosa is the one layer. Falseis the longitudinal layer
T/F: The mucosa is found only in the jejunum because this is the only component of the tiny intestine in require of mucus. False
T/F: fats significantly delay the emptying of the stomach. True
The mechanical and also chemical receptor that regulate digestive task are located ________. in the walls of the street organs.
The duty of the hepatic portal circulation is to ________. collect took in nutrients for metabolic processing or warehouse
The chemical and mechanical procedures of food malfunction are referred to as ________. digestion
When we ingest large molecules such as lipids, carbohydrates, and proteins, they must undergo catabolic reactions by which enzymes break-up these molecules. This collection of reaction is called ______. chemical digestion
The sheets the peritoneal membrane that organize the digestive street in ar are called ________. the mesenteries
From the stomach to the anal canal, the walls of every body organ of the alimentary canal are comprised of the exact same four an easy layers. Arrange lock in order from the lumen. mucosa, submucosa, muscularis externa, & serosa
The epithelial membrane referred to as the mucosa ____. contains the lamina propria
The capillaries the nourish the epithelium and also absorb digested nutrients lie in the ________. lamina propria
The plicae circulares and intestinal villi are uncovered in i m sorry of the four layers of the alimentary pipe wall? mucosa
The structures that produce new cells for the mucosa the the little intestine room the ________. intestinal crypts
Select the statement that is true worrying primary teeth. There are 20 main teeth, and by 24 months of period most youngsters have all 20.
Which of the complying with is true concerning the number and kind of irreversible teeth? There space 32 permanent teeth, and also the wisdom teeth are the last to emerge.
Which of the complying with is not true that saliva? contains enzyme that start the failure of protein
The salient glands are composed of i m sorry two types of secretory cells? serous cells and mucous cells
The solutes contained in saliva include ________. electrolytes, cradle enzyme, mucin, lysozyme, wastes, and IgA
In enhancement to storage and also mechanical breakdown of food, the stomach ________. initiates protein digestion and denatures protein
Chyme is produced in the ________. stomach
Hydrochloric acid is secreted whereby of the secretory cells of the stomach? parietal cells
Gastrin, histamine, endorphins, serotonin, cholecystokinin, and also somatostatin are hormones that space released directly into the lamina propria. I m sorry of the complying with cell species synthesize and also secrete this products? enteroendocrine cells
There are three phases the gastric secretion. The cephalic phase occurs ________. before food start the stomach and also is triggered by aroma, sight, or believed
Peristaltic waves room ________. waves of muscular contractions that propel components from one suggest to another
Gastrin is a cradle hormone that is responsible for the stimulation of acid secretions in the stomach. This secretions are engendered by the visibility of ________. protein and peptide pieces
Pepsinogen, a digestive enzyme, is secreted through the ________. chief cell of the stomach
You have just eaten a enjoy the meal high in complex carbohydrates. I beg your pardon of the following enzymes will assist to digest the meal? amylase
The enzymatic malfunction of any kind of food molecule is called ________. hydrolysis
Short-chain triglycerides uncovered in foods items such together butterfat molecule in milk are break-up by a details enzyme in preparation for absorption. Which of the adhering to enzymes is responsible? lipase
Parietal cell of the stomach create ________. HCl
Hepatocytes perform not ________. produce cradle enzyme
Which vitamin needs intrinsic element in bespeak to be absorbed? B12
Chief cell ________. are uncovered in the basal regions of the gastric glands
Chemical digestion reduces large facility molecules to simpler compounds by the process of ________. Catabolism
The ________ includes lobules v sinusoids (lined through macrophages) that result in a central venous structure. liver
If an incision needs to be make in the small intestine to remove an obstruction, the an initial layer of organization to be cut is the ________. serosa
The terminal section of the little intestine is recognized as the ________. ileum
Digestion of which of the adhering to would be influenced the most if the liver were severely damaged? lipids
________ is locally regulated in the blood by the active form of vitamin D, which acts as a cofactor calcium
The lamina propria is composed of ________. loose connective tisuue
Chemical cradle in the tiny intestine involves ________. cholecystokinin (CCK), an minister hormone responsible because that gallbladder contraction
Select the correct statement around absorption. If undamaged proteins room transported throughout the villus epithelium, one immune response may it is in generated.

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Select the exactly statement around electrolyte absorption. Iron and also calcium are took in mostly by the duodenum.
You have just consumed french fries, buttered toast, ice cream cream, and also whole milk. I beg your pardon of the adhering to glands would be energetic in helping you to digest this food? pancreas
The ingestion of a meal high in fat contents would reason which the the following to occur Bile would certainly be released from the gallbladder to emulsify the fat in the duodenum
A baby is admitted come the hospital v a history of projectile vomiting after every feeding. ~ above examination, that is found that the sphincter managing food i from the stomach come the duodenum is thickened and does not open up readily. Because of the ba alkalosis
Hormones that inhibit gastric secretion encompass ________. secretin
Which of these is not component of the splanchnic circulation? inferior vena cava
Which of these is not a component of saliva? nitric acid
There are some 20 well-known pathogens discovered in the large intestine; our Ig ________ antibody-mediated an answer restricts them from going past the mucosa and causing problems. A