periosteum
AB
tough,fibrous tissue that creates the outermost extending of bone
compact bonedense hard and very strong bone that creates the protective outer layer that bones. Aka cortical bone
spongy bonelighter and not as strong as compact bone. Aka cancellous bone
medullary cavitycentral cavity located in the tower of long bones where it surrounded by compact bones. Red & YELLOW BONE MARROW room STORED
endosteumtissue that lines the medullary cavity
red bone marrowlocated in ~ the spongy bone,manufactures red blood cells, hemoglobin,white blood cells and thrombocytes
hemopoieticpertaining come the formation of blood cells
yellow bone marrowfunctions as fat storage
cartilagesmooth rubbery blue-white connective tissue that acts as a shock absorber in between ones.


You are watching: This term refers to the posterior space behind the knee.


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Additionally make up flexible components of the skeleton
articular cartilagecovers the surface of the bones wherein they come with each other to kind joints
meniscuscurved fibrous cartilage found in part joints such together the knee
diaphysisshaft of a lengthy bone
epiphyseswider end of the lengthy bones
foramenopening in the bone through which blood vessels, nerves, and ligaments pass
processnormal estimate on the surface ar of a bone the most typically serves together an attachment for a muscle/tendon
jointsaka articulations, ar of union in between 2 or more bones
fibrous jointsconsisting that inflexible great of dense connective tissue
fontanellesaka soft spot room normally current in the skull the a newborn
cartilaginous jointsallow only slight movement & consists bones connected entirely by cartilage
pubic symphysisallows some activity to facilitate childbirth
synovial jointcreated whereby 2 bones articulate to allow a selection of motions
ball & socket jointssuch together hips, permit a wide selection of motion in countless directions
hinge jointsknees & elbows are synovial joints that enable movement in only 1 direction
synovial capsuleoutermost layer of strong fibrous tissue that each other a sleeve together it surrounding the joint
synovial membranelines the capsule & secretes synovial fluid
synvoial fluidflows in ~ the synovial cavity, acts together a lubricant to do smooth movement of the share possible
ligamentsbands the fibrous organization that creates joints by connecting one bone to one more bone or by involvement a bone to cartilage
bursafibrous sac that acts as a cushion to ease movement in areas that are subject to friction
axial skeletonprotects the offal of the nervous, respiratory, and circulatory systems
appendicular skeletonmakes body motion possible
craniumportion the the skull the encloses & protects the brain
suturesjagged fibrous joints that sign up with the cranial skeleton together
frontal boneanterior part of the cranium that creates the forehead
parietal bones2 the the biggest bones the the skull. They kind most of the roof & top sides the the cranium
occipital boneforms the back part of the skull & the base of the cranium
external hear meatusthe opened of the external auditory canal of the outer ear
sphenoid boneirregular, wedge shame bone in ~ the base of the skull
ethmoid bonelight spongy bone situated at the roof and sides that the nose
auditory ossicles3 tiny bones situated in each center ear
nasal bonesupper component of the bridge of the nose
zygomatic bonesaka cheekbones
maxillary bonesform most of the upper jaw
palatine bonesform the anterior(front) part of the difficult palate the the mouth & floor that the nose
lacrimal bonesmake up component of the orbit(socket of the eye) at the within angle
inferior conchaethin scroll-like bones that kind part of the interior of the nose
vomer boneforms the basic of the sleep septum
mandibleaka jawbone, is the only movable bone in the skull
thoracic cavityaka rib cage, bony structure that protects the heart & lungs
ribsaka costals attach posteriorly come the thoracic vertebrae
sternumaka chest bone level dagger shame bone located in the center of the chest
manubriumbony structure that forms the upper part of the sternum
body that the sternumbony structure that forms the middle section of the sternum
xiphoid processstructure made of cartilage that creates the lower part of the sternum
pectoral girdlethe shoulders which support the eight & hands
clavicleaka collar bone, is a slim bone that connects the manubrium that the sternum to the scapula
scapulaaka shoulder blade
acromionextension that the scapula that creates the high allude of the shoulder
humerusbone of the upper arm
radiussmaller shorter bone in the forearm,runs increase the thumb side the the forearm
ulnalarger,longer bone that the forearm
olecranon processaka funny bone, is a big projection on the upper end of the ulna
carpalsbones that type the wrist
metacarpals5 skeleton that type the palm of the hand
phalangesare the 14 bones of the fingers * bones of the toes as well
spinal columnaka vertebral tower protects the spinal cord & support the head and body
vertebrae26 in the spinal column
laminaposterior part of the vertebrae
intervertebral disksmade the cartilage,separate & cushion the vertebrae from each other
cervical vertebraefirst collection of 7 vertebrae and they form the neck
thoracic vertebraeknown together T1 & T12, room the second set that 12 vertebrae
lumbar vertebraeknown together L1-L5, comprise the third collection of 5 vertebrae & together form the inward curve that the reduced spine
sacrumslightly curved triangular shame bone near the base of the spine that creates the lower portion of the back
coccyxaka tailbone develops the end of the spine & is actually made of 4 tiny vertebrae that space fused together
pelvic girdleprotectsinternal organs and also supports the reduced extremities
iliumbroad blade shame bone that creates the ago & political parties of the pubic bone
sacroiliacthe contempt movable articulation in between the sacrum & posterior portion of the ilium
ischiumforms the reduced posterior portion of the pubic bone, bears the weight of the body as soon as sitting
pubisforms the anterior part ofthe pubic bone, situated just below the urinary bladder
pubic symphysiscartilaginous joint the unites the left & best pubic bones
acetabulumaka i know well sockets, huge circular cavity in each side the the pelvis the articulates w/ the head that the femur to kind the i know good joint
femurslargest skeleton in the body
patellaaka knee cap, bonyanterior section of the knee
poplitealposterior an are behind the knee where the ligaments,vessels, and muscles related to this joint are located
cruciate ligamentsmake possible the motion of the knee
tibiaaka shin bone is the larger anterior weight bearing bone in the lower leg
fibulathe smaller of the 2 bones in the lower leg
anklesthe joints that affix the lower leg & foot, make the important movements possible
tarsalthe 7 brief bones of the ankle comparable to the skeleton of the wrist,
malleolusrounded bony projection on the tibia & fibula on the political parties of every ankle joint
talusthe fishing eye bone that articulates w/ the tibia & fibula
calcaneusaka heel bone, llargest that the tarsal bones
metatarsals5 skeleton that kind the part of the foot where the toes room attached
phalangesbones of the toe, also the fingers
chiropractorholds a dr that chiropractic degree & specializes in the manipulative therapy of obstacle orginating native misalignment that the spine
orthopedic surgeonphysician that specializes in diagnosing & treating diseases & disorders entailing bones, joints and muscles
osteopathholds a dr that osteopathy degree & uses classic forms of medical treatment in enhancement to specializing in dealing with health troubles by spinal manipulation
podiatristdr of podiatry level & specialization in diagnosing & dealing with disorders of the foot
rheumatologistphysician who specializes in diagnosis & treatment of arthritis and also disorders such as osteoporosis
ankylosisloss or lack of mobility in a joint as result of disease, injury, or a surgical procedure
arthrosclerosisstiffness that the joints
bursitisinflammation that a bursa
chondromalaciaabnormal softening that cartilage
chondromaslow farming benign tumor obtained from cartilage cells
costochondritisinflammation of the cartilage the connects a rib come the sternum
hallux valgusaka bunion, an abnormal enlargemetn of the share at the base of the good toe
hemarthrosisblood within a joint
polymyalgia rheumaticageriatric inflammation disorder of the muscle & joints characterized by pain and stiffness in the neck, shoulders, upper arms, hips and also thighs
synovitisinflammation the the synovial membrane that outcomes in swelling & ache of the affected joint
dislocationtotal displacement that a bone indigenous its joint
subluxationpartial displacement of a bone from its joint
arthritisinflammatory problem of one or more joint
osteoarthritismost commonly connected w/ aging
osteophytesbone spurs
spondylosisaka spinal osteoarthritis, degenerative disorder can reason the loss of typical spinal framework & function
gouty arthritisaka gout, kind of arthritis identified by store of uricacid in the joints
rheumatoid arthritisaka RA, chronic autoimmune disorder in i m sorry the joints & some organs of various other body systems are attacked
ankylosing spondylitisform that rheumatoid arthritis that primarily reasons inflammation of the joints between the vertebrae
juvenile rheumatoid arthritisautoimmune disorder the affects children ages 16 yrs or less
herniated diskaka slipped/ruptured disk break apart of an intervertebral disk that results in push on spinal nerve roots
lumbagopain in the lumbar region
spondylolisthesisis the front slipping movement of the human body of one of the reduced lumbar vertebrae ~ above the vertebra or sacrum listed below it
spina bifidacongenital defect that occurs throughout early pregnancy as soon as the spinal canal falls short to close fully around the spinal cord to defend it
kyphosisan abnormal increase in the exterior curvature the the thoracic spine as perceived from the side
lordosisabnormal increase in the forward curvature that the lumbar spine
scoliosislateral curvature that the spine
craniostenosismalformation that the skull as result of the premature birth closure of the cranial sutures
fibrous dysplasiabone disorder of unknown reason that destroys common bone structure & replace instead replace it v fibrous tissue
ostealgiapain in the bone
osteitisinflammation of the bone
osteomalaciaaka adult rickets, abnormal softening of skeleton in adults
osteomyelitisinflammation of the bone marrow & surrounding bone
osteonecrosisdeath the bone tissue because of insufficient blood supply
paget's diseasebone an illness of unknown cause
periostitisinflammation that the periosteum
ricketsdeficiency disease occurring in children,results from a vit D deficiency
short staturecondition result from the fail of the bones of the limbs to thrive to an ideal length compared to the dimension of the head & trunk
talipesaka clubfoot describes any type of congenital deformity that the foot including the talus(ankle bones)
primary bone cancerrelatively rarely malignant tumor the originates in a bone
secondary bone cancerdescribes tumors that have metastasized come bones from other organs
myelomacancer that occurs in blood make cells discovered in red bone marrow
osteochondromaa bright bony projection covered v cartilage
osteoporosismarked loss of bone density & an increase in bone porosity the if frequently linked with aging
osteopeniathinner then mean bone density
compression fractureoccurs once the bone is pressed together on itself
colles fractureaka fractured wrist
osteoporotic i know well fractureaka broken hip usually resulted in by weakening the the bones due to osteoporosis
fracturea damaged bone
closed fracturebroken bone however there is no open wound
open fracturebroken bone and an open up skin wound
comminuted fracturebone is splintered or crushed
greenstick fracturewhere the bone is bending & only partially broken, occurs mostly in children
pathologic fractureoccurs when a weakened bone breaks under typical strain
spiral fracturefracture wherein the bone has actually been twisted apart
stress fracturewhich is one overuse injury is a tiny crack in a bone the often develops from chronic excessive impact
transverse fractureoccurs straight across the bone
fat embolusform when a long bone is fractured & fat cell from yellow bone marrow are released into the blood
crepitationgrating sound heard once the ends of a damaged bone move together
callusforms together a bulging deposit roughly the area that the break
radiographaka x ray, provided to visualize bone fractures & other abnormalities
arthroscopyvisual examination of the interior structure the a joint
bone marrow biopsydiagnostic check that might be crucial after abnormal species or number of red or white blood cells are discovered in a complete blood counting test
magnetic resonance imagingused to picture soft tissue structures such as the interior of complicated joints
bone density testingused to identify losses or changes in bone density
ultrasonic bone density testingscreening test because that osteoporosis or other conditions that reason a lose of bone mass
dual x beam absorptiometrylow exposure radiographic measurement of the spine & hips to measure up bone density
bone marrow transplantused come treat certain species of cancer
allogenic bone marrow transplantuses healthy and balanced bones marrow cells from a compatible donor
autologous bone marrow transplantpatient receives his own bone marrow cell which have been harvested, cleansed,treated, and also stored
orthoticmechanical appliance such as a foot brace that is especially designed come control, correct, or compensate for impaired limb function
prosthesissubstitute for a hurt or missing body part
arthrodesissurgical fusion of 2 bones come stiffen a joint
artholysissurgical loosening of an ankylosed joint
arthroscopic surgeryminimally invasive procedure because that the therapy of the inner of a joint
chondroplastysurgical fix of damaged cartilage
synovectomysurgical remove of a synovial membrane native a joint
viscosupplementationsinjections offered to add preparation the hyaluronic acid & connected compounds to a joint, easing friction
arthroplastysurgical repair of a damaged joint
percutaneous diskectomyperformed to treat a herniated intervertebral disk
percutaneous vertebroplastyperformed to treat osteoporosis-related compression fractures
laminectomysurgical remove of a lamina or posterior section of a vertebra
spinal fusiontechnique come immobilize part of the spine by joining together two or more vertebraecraniectomy
craniectomysurgical remove of a part of the skull
craniotomysurgical scratch or opening right into the skull
cranioplastysurgical repair of the skull
osteoclasissurgical fracture of a bone to exactly a deformity
ostectomysurgical removed of a bone
osteoplastysurgical fix of a bone or bones
osteorrhaphysurgical suturing or wiring together of bones
osteotomysurgical cut of a bone
periosteotomyan incision with the periosteum to the bone
closed reductionattempted realignment that a bone associated in a fracture or joint dislocation
immobilizationact the holding, suturing, or fastening the bone in a fixed place with strapping or a cast
tractiona pulling force exerted ~ above a limb in a distal direction in an effort to return the bone or joint to typical alignment
external fixationfracture treatment where pins are placed through the soft organization & bone so that an outside appliance deserve to be offered to host the piece of bone steady in place
internal fixationplate or pins are are placed straight into the bone to hold the damaged pieces together
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