Since the Anglo Portuguese contract from 1373, Portugal was allied with England and also other civilization powers. In 1801 France, governed by Napoleon, want to pull Spain into coercing Portugal come break their alliance through the UK and close their port to brother ships. There hadn\"t to be a Spanish Portuguese conflict due to the fact that 1777 when they bickered over boundaries of their nests in south America.

There was one problem, however, the Spanish King\"s daughter Charlotte was married to the future heir to the Portuguese throne and also Charles IV, her father, could not go against his kid in law. Napoleon reaction by make Maria Louisa, his other daughter, Queen the Etruria, so now it was simpler for Spain come get associated as they had signed the Madrid treaty (1801) i m sorry promised the Spanish Immersion in war with Portugal if the Iberian country continued to support England.

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Lucien Bonaparte, Napoleon\"s brother and his ambassador in Spain pressured v diplomacy. Manuel Godoy, the Spanish minister (and Napoleon\"s ally) proponents in favour the France and the King discovered his advice hard to ignore. Napoleon\"s threats were almost explicit, if Spain didn\"t honour the treaty, then battle might as well be against Spain rather of their neighbour. A Spanish Portuguese war was imminent.

So Manuel Godoy gave Portugal one ultimatum: break connections with brothers or face invasion and cede your territory earlier to Spain. Spain demanded the the brothers hand them earlier Gibraltar and also Trinity Island, and also give Malta back to France. However Portugal refuse to submit to Spain\"s and Napoleon\"s demands and also the stage was collection for the so dubbed War of the Oranges.

The Campaign


The military campaign was rather brief lived, it took place between May and also June of 1801. Manuel Godoy, the Prince of Peace, is named Generalissimo the an military of part 80,000 (French and Spanish) and also leads the action. The Spanish troops were separated into three various contingents.

A regiment of some 20,000 males penetrated Portugal v the Miño flow under the command of mountain Simón Marquee, a agency of 10,000 through Algarves and also the mass of the troops was lead through Manuel Godoy himself and they overcome Extremadura and entered with Olivenza, i beg your pardon surrendered without placing up a fight. End the following days after the troops overcome the Portuguese border, they occupied several cities and towns, recognize hardly any resistance.

In the city the Elvas the Spaniards ran into some trouble, together the pho were trenched in the key square. However, the Portuguese King surrendered soon, fear of having actually his nation invaded by the French. The war\"s surname derives native the Oranges native Elva that Godoy sent to his alleged lover Queen Maria Louisa that Parma (the King\"s wife). The Spanish Portuguese commitment was set in the Badajoz Treaty, or peace of Badajoz. It was signed top top June 6. Most of the conquests were went back to Portugal except Olivenza and Villareal (Vila Real) a perpetually discussed territory between both Kingdoms, which stay in Spanish hands.

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As i agreeed in the treaty Portugal close up door it\"s ports to England. Although the agreement had the cession that several provinces to Spain to usage as exchange currency, Carlos IV ignored this part of the deal, causing the French Emperor deep annoyance. Only 4 year later, after battle of Trafalgar, England and Portugal\"s relation to be restored.