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The after-effects of any war is challenging for the survivors. Those challenges are usually also worse ~ a civil war. Together was definitely the case in the period after the U.S. Polite War.

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With several significant exceptions, most of the fighting throughout the Civil war took place in the South. As a result, many of the devastation the the war influenced the South and its civilization to a much greater degree than civilization in the North. In addition, portions of the south were inhabited by Federal militaries from virtually the very beginning that the war. End time, Union pressures occupied more and more Southern territory and also governed those places as well.

Reconstruction was a period of politics crisis and considerable violence. Numerous white Southerners envisioned a quick reunion in i beg your pardon white dominance would remain intact in the South. In this vision, african Americans, if in some sense free, would certainly have few civil rights and no voice in government. Countless Northerners, and Andrew Johnson, who prospered to the presidency after the assassination of Abraham Lincoln, shared these views. Top top the other hand, both black Southerners and a big number of northern Republicans thought that prior to the Southern states were restored to their ar in the Union, the federal federal government must certain the simple rights of former slaves.

Conflicts over the nature that Reconstruction led to President Andrew Johnson"s impeachment through Congress. Congress was in recess from soon after Johnson took the oath the office in April 1865 until December 1865. While Congress was in recess, Johnson, a member that the autonomous party, started a procedure of Southern reconstruction that included pardoning those previous Confederates willing to take it an oath the allegiance to the united States. After congress returned, Johnson vetoed the Civil civil liberties Bill that 1866 and also two Freedmen"s office bills. Plenty of members the the Republican Party objected to these and also some that the various other policies Johnson put into place.

In the choice of 1866, a huge number the Republicans who opposed Johnson’s repair program were elected to Congress and proceeded to roll earlier some the Johnson’s policies, institute military regulation in the southern states, and also implement actions that reined in the power of the President. In in march of 1867, congress passed the Tenure that Office Act, which to be intended to avoid Johnson from instead of Secretary of battle Edwin Stanton. In February of 1868, Johnson fired Stanton, and in an answer the home of representatives prepared and sent forward write-ups of impeachment. Johnson to be tried by the Senate in 1868 and also was found not guilty.

In passing civil legal rights legislation and the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments to the U.S. Constitution, the Republican Congress was attempting, for the an initial time in history, to develop a truly interracial democracy. Challenged with violent opposition in the South and also a retreat native the best of racial equality in the North, Reconstruction proved short-lived. It would take an additional century for the country to start to live up to this era"s promise of equality for all its citizens.

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Additional primary sources concerning the restoration era are obtainable in To retrieve them, use such an essential words as reconstructionCivil Warfreedmen, or above the American Life Histories, 1936-1940, interviews because that the southerly states.