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You are watching: Which journalist called attention to the living conditions of tenement dwellers?

Sections: biography | Reporter | Photographer | Writer | Reformer | Lecturer | allied | Riis and Reform | Legacy
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will certainly L. Taylor. The City of brand-new York. New York: Galt & Hoy, 1879. Geography and Map Division, Library of conference (002.00.00)


as soon as Jacob Riis published How the Other fifty percent Lives in 1890, the U.S. Census bureau ranked new York together the most densely occupied city in the unified States—1.5 million inhabitants. Riis asserted that every square mile, the was one of the many densely inhabited places top top the planet. The city is pictured in this large-scale panoramic map, a famous cartographic type used to depict U.S. And also Canadian cities and towns throughout the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Known likewise as bird’s-eye views or view maps, summary maps render naipublishers.comations as if perceived from above at an tilt angle. Although not generally drawn to scale, they present street patterns, separation, personal, instance buildings, and major landscape functions in perspective. This map help visualize the extreme density, specifically in the reduced East and also West sides of Manhattan, and Jacob Riis’s lifelong worry with ameliorating the most those that resided in its crowded slums.

As governor of brand-new York, Riis’s girlfriend Theodore Roosevelt appointed a Tenement residence Commission, i beg your pardon led in 1901 come the creation of the Tenement residence Department, headed by one more Riis friend, Robert de forest of the Charity organization Society. Riis and also this circle of municipal citizen-reformers, which included social welfare activists Josephine demonstrate Lowell and Lillian Wald, functioned to gather statistical evidence and raise publicly awareness. They promoted for new housing designs to lull crowding and also improve fire safety, sanitation, and accessibility to air and light. Riis described the evolution of tenement home reform as a forty-year effort, which consisted of demolishing the five Points and Mulberry bend neighborhoods, initiating brand-new construction, cleaning the streets, producing parks and playgrounds, tearing down rear tenements, and cutting an ext than 40,000 home windows through internal walls to let in light.


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Flat in Hell’s Kitchen ~ above the West Side



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Public Health


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“Playgrounds together a Cure for City Crime,” Brooklyn Times, April 27, 1900, from web page in Riis’s scrapbook. Jacob A. Riis Papers, Manuscript Division, Library of congress (017.00.00)




Riis photographed a privately funded, experimental playground at West 28th Street between 11th and also 12th Avenues, the bnaipublishers.comk pictured in the map above, where devices was installed, and a janitor and two teachers were hired to cnaipublishers.comk the children. Riis defined the park: “It was not exactly an attractive place. . . . Yet the children thought the lovely, and lovely it to be for poverty Gap, if not for 5th Avenue.” Riis helped create several tiny public parks in tenement communities including a park ~ above Rivington Street. This petition, signed by 300 school girls “to make the corporation yard at the foot that Rivington St. Right into a publicly play-ground,” succeeded. Hamilton Fish Park opened up in 1900.




Crime


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Piece Work—Cigar-Making


Riis dedicated a chapter of How the Other half Lives come “The Bohemians—Tenement-House Cigar Making.” Riis defined these east European immigrants as functioning seventeen-hour days, 7 days a week, inside their apartments rank with toxic fumes, do pennies one hour through stripping and also drying piles that tobacco leaves and also rolling finished products. In the Riis photograph, the parents job-related at the cigar mold and their earliest child, in ~ the center of the frame, prepares the tobacco leaves for rolling.


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Fire insurance money Map




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Educating the Young




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Immigration




In Jersey Street





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Sections: story | Reporter | Photographer | Writer | Reformer | Lecturer | allied | Riis and also Reform | Legacy


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