You are watching: Which of the following is an accurate statement about sports and the media?
Chapter TwelveSPORTS AND THE MEDIACould They Survive Without Each Other?CHAPTER OUTLINECharacteristics of the MediaSports and also Media: A Two-Way RelationshipImages and also Narratives in Media SportsExperiences and Consequences of Consuming Media SportsSport JournalismSummary: Could Sports and also the Media Survive Without Each Other?MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS1. The chapter on sports and also the media is based on the assumption that
a. people around the civilization are shaped by the media.
b. the power of the media has actually no borders.
c. media content informs people"s resides and also social worlds.
d. a lot of civilization specify the media as unnecessary in their stays.
Ans: c2. Which of the adhering to is an accurate statement about sports and the media?
a. All media coverage requires selective re-presentations of sports.
b. The media counter or reverse the impacts of commercialization on sporting activities.
c. The media ruin avenues for us to see major sport events.
d. The media form and also recognize our perspectives on sporting activities.
Ans: a3. Which of the adhering to is NOT provided by the media?
Ans: d4. When media are privately owned, their significant interemainder is profit making; when media are regulated and operated by the state, their major interemainder is
a. shaping worths and also offering a public company.
b. generating revenues for the state.
c. capital artists that work-related for the state.
d. developing imperiods that expand also people"s experiences.
Ans: a5. The human being that make media content decisions as they pick the imeras and messeras to be re-presented to us are ideal described as
a. photo and message "filters".
b. propaganda artists.
c. agents of corpoprice capitalism.
d. political prophets.
Ans: a6. Many media content is tied to power connections in the sense that they
a. reason world to question major political decisions in culture.
b. emphasize imeras and messperiods constant via leading beliefs.
c. are direct reflections of the interests of politically powerful human being.
d. are controlled and censored by the most powerful human being in the society.
Ans: b7. In the case of sports, those who control the media affect sports bereason
a. they just cover the sports that they and their associates play.
b. media viewers mimic whatever before they consume in the media.
c. they decide which sporting activities and also events to cover and also how they are covered.
d. world in sporting activities will carry out whatever before they say in order to obtain coverage.
Ans. c8. When the media are privately owned and also depfinish on audience ratings, televised sport events are "re-produced" in a way that commonly emphasizes
a. develops of soap opera storyinforming.
b. a crucial perspective on sports and also sport participants.
c. exactly how a lot work goes into preparing for a sport occasion.
d. the specific technical skills of athletes.
Ans: a9. The images and commentary in a televised representation of a sport occasion are
a. specific depictions of all of what occurs at the occasion.
b. schosen to distort what happens in the occasion for the sake of the sponsors.
c. greatly fictional depictions of what the producers want us to watch and also hear.
d. very closely edited and also selected for many type of various factors.
Ans: d10. Nat an early stage all television broadcasts of sport occasions are sponsored by
a. environmental groups devoted to conservation.
b. feminist groups and also various other women’s institutions.
c. huge capitalist corporations and other for profit businesses.
d. nonprofit teams dedicated to cultivating socially gradual ideas.
Ans: c11. New media, consisting of all digital and social media, have actually influenced sports generally by
a. eliminating newspaper sport sections.
b. changing relationships in the production and intake of sport content.
c. undermined the commercial value of spectator sports.
d. recruiting more women and also youngsters to be loyal fans of sport teams.
Ans. b120. The Net is different from standard tv in that it
a. has sites that are sponsored only by corporations.
b. offers individuals with high quality sequential programming.
c. cannot give users the exact same high quality of sports commentary as television have the right to.
d. gives individuals manage that deserve to radically change their media experiences.
Ans: d13. At this allude in time, people primarily use digital accessibility to
a. extfinish and complement what other media already provide.
b. change their attention to sports they’ve never played.
c. calculate the statistics they should play fantasy sports.
d. interact directly through mainstream media announcers.
Ans: a14. The instance of the young Palestinian males in the refugee camp in Israel portrayed that brand-new media deserve to be provided in
a. initiatives to transform community power structures.
b. methods that transform the importance of competition in sports.
c. personally transdevelopmental methods.
d. the process of developing revolution.
Ans. c15. Large mainstream media suppliers are presently lobbying federal legislators to
a. abolish particular creates of brand-new media.
b. guarantee that brand-new media are arranged approximately democratic worths.
c. reclaim the reputation of conventional print media.
d. extend their control over just how brand-new media are provided.
Ans. d16. The significant sociological question around the Net is whether it will
a. democratize social life or come to be an exclusive tool for capitalist growth.
b. relocation all other forms of interactions modern technology.
c. undermine the productivity rates of employees worldwide.
d. damage the take a trip and tourism service worldwide.
Ans: a17. Fantasy sport leagued offer media sport consumers an chance to put themselves in the place of
a. an owner of a sport team.
b. a height media executive.
c. a experienced athlete.
d. a experienced sporting activities agent.
Ans. a18. Major sport media companies favor fantasy sports bereason they
a. appeal to minority and also female consumers.
b. produce loyal media consumers and new revenues.
c. empower fans in realistic means.
d. pressure spectators to be came to through team win-loss records.
Ans. b19. Research on video games that simulate actual time sports shows that
a. world who play them withattract from a lot of social relationships.
b. gamers regularly create their own narratives that fit their interests in sporting activities.
c. kids outnumber adults that play these games.
d. athletes have rejected these games because they are unrealistic.
20. The sport - media partnership in the U.S. is arranged so that
a. commercial sports no much longer depfinish on the mainstream media.
b. just noncommercial media depfinish on sporting activities.
c. commercial creates of media and also sporting activities depfinish on each other for revenues.
d. neither sporting activities nor the media depend on each various other in commercial terms.
Ans: c21. The financial success of commercial sports this day depfinish greatly on
a. the civil liberties fees phelp by tv carriers to broadactors sport content.
b. spectators who watch television broadcasts in sporting activities bars.
c. regional businesses who seek the best to market concessions at sport occasions.
d. newspapers that publish the schedules of games and also events.
Ans: a22. Rights fees for specific sporting activities have actually increased drastically. This has actually
a. developed limits on athletes" salaries.
b. raised the profitcapability of specific commercial sports.
c. enabled public institutions to sponsor even more sports.
d. damaged the profitability of commercial sporting activities.
Ans: b23. According to data in Figure 12.1, the legal rights fees for the Olympic Games have
a. decreased considering that 2001 and also the connected dangers of terrorism.
b. always been better for the winter games than the summer games.
c. been high just as soon as the games are hosted in The United States and Canada.
d. enhanced consistently and also substantially because the 1970s.
Ans: d24. According to information in Table 12-1 and Figure 12-2, rights fees for significant sporting activities have
a. gone up and also down with significant financial patterns.
b. enhanced steadily through 2013.
c. declined steadily between 2007 and 2013.
d. continued to be steady over the previous twenty years.
Ans: b25. Commercial tv has forced that transforms be made in sporting activities to make them even more telegenic. Which of the complying with are NOT among those changes?
a. Schedules and also begin times have been adjusted to fit television programing needs.
b. Scheduled time-outs have actually been included to make room for even more commercials.
c. Halftime periods in specific sporting activities have actually been shortened to retain TV viewers.
d. Teams are compelled to hire acting coaches to train players and coaches.
Ans. d26. When human being spend 200 minutes watching an NFL game, they
a. view much less than 15 minutes of footsphere action.
b. check out even more football action than commercials.
c. listen to commercials for more minutes than they listen to commentators.
d. watch even more video replays than actual play during the game.
Ans. a27. ESPN has emerged a distinct connection through commercial sports. This is portrayed by the truth that
a. ESPN sponsors more athletes than Nike does.
b. ESPN has the contract to televise all NFL games with 2025.
c. 25% of all cable channel revenue in the UNITED STATE goes to ESPN.
d. men spend even more time watching ESPN than all various other networks unified.
Ans. c28. The media the majority of dependent on sports are
a. publications and also magazines.
b. the Web and radio.
c. newsfiles and tv.
d. television and also film.
Ans: c29. The amount of news space provided to the coverage of sporting activities in major city newsfiles is
a. less than 5 percent.
b. around 25 percent.
c. around 50 percent.
d. between 50 and also 80 percent.
Ans: b30. The author notes that as more world go digital for coverage of national and also global sports, neighborhood newspapers
a. hire sportsauthors via national reputations.
b. emphasis more coverage on local high college and also college groups.
c. sfinish their reporters to even more national and also international occasions.
d. drop their sport s sections and also boost their coverage of politics.
Ans: b31. Even though many kind of sport events have actually low ratings, tv providers desire to broadcast them bereason they fill "dead time" on weekends and because they
a. last much longer than a normal half-hour or one-hour display.
b. lug family members together roughly the tv.
c. appeal to youngsters and also various other impressionable human being.
d. entice audiences that sponsors desire to reach.
Ans: d32. Golf and also tennis are typically spanned sports on tv because they
a. have actually more viewers than most various other sport occasions.
b. are tied to the genuine estate and corpoprice interests of tv executives.
c. tempt profits from suppliers hoping to reach high-earnings consumers.
d. have a one-of-a-kind character that attracts world interested in pure sporting activities.
Ans: c33. Women’s sport occasions execute not get more coverage in the media partially bereason the viewers of women’s sporting activities
a. have not been established by advertisers as a distinct tarobtain audience.
b. come mainly from low-income households.
c. are mostly stay-at-home moms who have actually bit money to spend.
d. are mainly young males that view woguys athletes as sex objects.
Ans: a32. In recent years, 80-percent of the greatest rated television programs in the USA have been
a. Major League Basesphere World Series games.
b. professional wrestling matches.
c. NFL games.
d. men’s track and area events in the Olympic Games
Ans: c33. Which of the complying with is NOT a factor that global corporations have become more connected as sponsors of sports?
a. Sport events entice audiences full of potential consumers of assets.
b. Sport images and also athletes deserve to be offered to industry assets worldwide.
c. Sports are extended in a way that provides civilization even more energetic as citizens.
d. Sport imperiods have the right to be provided to promote a method of life based on intake.
Ans: c34. The marital relationship of sporting activities and also the media is organized together by substantial quantities of corpoprice money and the desire of corpoprice executives to
a. form political policy.
b. produce a worldwide household of eager consumers.
c. build relationships through celebrity athletes.
d. come to be leaders of sport establishments.
Ans. b35. When cable and satellite suppliers (favor Comactors and also Direct TV) bundle networks and also sell those bundles to consumers, the civilization that are constant viewers of ESPN
a. pay more than viewers who watch sports on various other networks.
b. subsidize television viewers that don’t watch sporting activities.
c. pay even more than their fair share for the tv programming they consume.
d. are subsidized by television viewers who perform not watch sports on ESPN.
Ans. d36. If channel bundling were declared illegal and the free sector established the money going to cable networks,
a. the revenues going to college and also experienced sports would decrease.
b. the significant tv networks would certainly go damaged.
c. mor civilization would certainly watch sports.
d. sporting activities would certainly become much less popular in the United States.
Ans. a37. Like Hollyhardwood films and also television soap opperiods, the sporting activities we view on television are
a. forms of edited fiction.
b. symbolic constructions.
c. sex identification rituals.
d. anti-social impacts in society.
Ans: b38. Sports coverage in the media primarily is composed of imeras and also narratives that
a. distort the interpretation of sporting activities.
b. undermine the celebrity standing of height athletes.
c. exaggeprice the spectacular create drama.
d. make team owners and coaches even more crucial than athletes.
Ans. c39. As opposed to coverage in many type of other nations, the images and messeras in televised sporting activities in the UNITED STATE tfinish to highlight
a. records, last scores, and competitive success.
b. cooperation and also coach-athlete relationships.
c. the link between fans in the stands and also the athletes on the area.
d. the friendships in between those who compete versus each other in sports.
Ans: a40. A perboy in the U.S. who watches sporting activities on network-related tv
a. sees sport-connected action over 80-percent of their time.
b. typically watches with the sound turned off.
c. is more most likely to be a baseball fan than a fan of any type of various other sport.
d. sees and hears commercials in the time of 20-percent of their time.
Ans: d41. Research on media coverage of men"s and women"s sports has mostly found thata. coverage focuses on women’s sporting activities that involve rate and also power.
b. the coverage of men’s and women’s sporting activities is almost equal now.
men’s sport receive about 95% of all sporting activities coverage in the media. d. women"s sports are extended as if they are even more amazing than men"s sports.
Ans: c42 Research by Mike Messner and also Cheryl Cooky and also their colleague mirrors that between 1989 and 2012 the tv air time offered to women’s sporting activities in news and highlight programs
a. carefully matched the rises in sport participation among females.
b. declined to the suggest that it virtually disappeared.
c. raised so a lot that males watching those programs began to comlain.
d. boosted for women’s skilled sporting activities but decreased for college sporting activities.
Ans. b43. It you frequently watch women’s sporting activities on network TV, the sport you check out the majority of regularly is
Ans: b44. Sociologist Toni Bruce points out that media coverage of women’s sporting activities has traditionally
a. provided consistent attention to nonsport problems..
b. ignored the husbands and also youngsters of heterosexual female athletes.
c. concentrated disproportionately on homosexual athletes and also their lifeformats.
d. ignored all elements of female sexuality.
Ans: a45. Patterns linked with gender in the media coverage of sports have been slow-moving to readjust becausea. media institutions are gendered organizations.
b. guys in sports journalism refusage to cover women’s occasions.
c. women in sporting activities journalism refuse to cover women’s events.
d. woguys athletes shy away from media coverage.
Ans: a46. In the box, Playing versus Posing?, it is detailed that women athletesa. have actually no troubles in enabling photographers to sexualize their bodies.
b. refusage to pose nude bereason they understand it will certainly devalue women’s sports.
c. females athletes face gendered choices once concerns media photographs.
d. can make more money as models than they make playing their sport. .
Ans: c47. Contrasted to past coverage, current media depictions of race and also ethnicitya. present fewer narratives that reproduce racist stereokinds.
b. current fewer images of the lifelayouts of successful babsence male athletes.
c. prevent any kind of images of black male athletes as angry and fearsome.
d. disregard the records and also achievements of black athletes.
Ans: a48. When sport journalists overlook in their coverage the dynamics of living in a white-dominated, white-figured out, and white-centered society, they
a. redevelop leading racial ideology as they claim to be color blind
b. permit all athletes to escape the influence of race in their sport.
c. ultimately serve as positive duty models in the society as a whole.
d. assist white athletes get in addition to teammates from varied racial backgrounds.
Ans. a49. The sports journalists many likely to stop stereokinds related to ethnicity and nationality are those who have
a. studied the background of sport journalism.
b. extended high institution sports in locations with large minority populaces.
c. played sports themselves.
d. learned about the national and also ethnic histories of the players they cover.
Ans. d50. The the majority of reliable way to minimize subtle develops of racial, ethnic, and also nationwide predisposition in the media coverage of sporting activities is to hire at all levels of media production civilization that
a. have degrees in communication research studies.
b. watch the civilization in colorblind methods.
c. come from varied racial, ethnic, and national backgrounds.
d. have had actually experiences in tasks that are unconcerned sport.
Ans. c51. Research shows that color-blind media coverage of sports
a. privileges athletes of shade and also disadvantages white athletes.
b. should be the goal of all civilization in the media.
c. misses vital components of sport truth and reproduces the condition quo.
d. allows journalists via expertise about ethnic teams to get ahead.
Ans: c52. Studies of the connection between consuming media sporting activities and the actions of spectators display that
a. the media coverage of sports is organized to encourage civilization to gamble.
b. world that watch sporting activities on TV are more obese than various other world.
c. the media have a positive effect on attendance at all sport events.
d. watching media sports does not influence trends of sport participation.
Ans: d53. Research on media audiences shows that
a. males and woguys who live together frequently watch sporting activities together.
b. “footround widows” are even more prevalent than many type of human being think.
c. watching television sports is the primary leicertain task of UNITED STATE adults.
d. watching sporting activities is disruptive for most married couples.
Ans: a54. Research in the USA reflects that as soon as it concerns watching sports on television, the males and woguys in male-female married couples
a. hardly ever desire to watch the very same events.
b. hardly ever have actually comparable viewing fads but this does not affect their relationship.
c. often watch together and also view this as a positive point in their partnership.
d. regularly argue about watching trends to the suggest that it leads to divorce.
Ans. c55. Research examining the heritages of the Olympics for people in the country hosting the games has actually presented repeatedly that watching sports on television is most likely to cause
a. even more sport participation.
b. more tv watching.
c. much less sport participation.
d. less television watching.
Ans. b56. A world obtain big screen, HD televisions for their houses, stadium supervisors are trying to keep attendance at games by
a. making the stadium endure favor the house viewing endure.
b. dropping ticket prices and offering seachild ticket holders totally free seat upgrades.
c. banning all hand hosted media devices from stadiums.
d. hiring more cheerleaders that are assigned to particular seat sections.
Ans. a57. According to a 2012 NCAA study of college students,
a. virtually all male college athletes follow NCAA anti-gambling rules.
b. female athletes are even more apt to bet on sporting activities than male athletes.
c. nearly all athletes on big-time groups had been contacted by exterior gamblers.
d. over half of all male students report that they have actually gambled for money.
Ans. d58. Ove the previous few decades, independent investigative journalism has actually practically disshowed up. Emerging in its place has beena. corpoprice journalism.
b. attack journalism.
c. entertainment journalism.
d. instrumental journalism.
Ans. c59. Tensions between elite athletes and sportswriters exist mainly bereason
a. tright here is a lack of trust in between them.
b. journalists are managed by teams and also leagues.
c. athletes discover it tough to articulate their feelings about sport experiences.
d. sport monitoring civilization tell athletes not to talk with journalists.
Ans. d60. Tensions in between elite athletes and sportswriters has actually intensified as
a. athletes have actually uncovered that they can write their own stories virtual.
b. salary differences between athletes and also sportsauthors have raised.
c. journalists have ignored individual information in stories around athletes.
d. more sportsauthors have come from low-earnings and also minority backgrounds.
Ans: b61. Many media coverage of sports today represents the interests of
a. those that regulate and profit from sports.
b. sport agents and lawyers.
c. the players with the highest celebrity rankings.
d. the providers that advertise on social media sites.
Ans. aESSAY QUESTIONS1. A paradox connected via the media coverage of sports is that the media open up new methods for spectators to check out sporting activities, but they also limit and also specify the experiences of spectators. Exsimple how the media have the right to perform both these points at once. 2. As deregulation and also private ownership have raised, the media have actually come to be hyper-commercialized. Explain how the purposes of the media readjust as soon as this occurs and also use examples to present how this change has impacted the media coverage of sporting activities in the USA. 3. Magazine editor Kerry Temple clintends that as soon as we watch sporting activities through the media this particular day, we are watching versions of soap opages with planned story lines, plots, plot twists via and designated heroes, villains, and also underdogs. Using examples from mediated sports, define whether you agree or disagree with Temple. 4. For-profit corporations sponsor around 99 percent of all televised sport programs. Exsimple why these institutions want to be connected with sporting activities and athletes and what would take place if televised sports were funded solely by feminist and also women’s organizations, or eco-friendly teams, or labor institutions. Would media sporting activities change in any kind of means and also would world be more likely to ask important questions about the imeras and messeras in that programming? Exordinary your answers to both these questions.5. Experiencing a sport event via the media is various than experiencing the exact same occasion in perboy. Pick a sport that you have attfinished in perboy and watched on television, and define the major differences in between the two experiences. What are the origins of those differences? In your explanation, discuss the notion that a televised sport is a "re-presented" variation of the occasion. 6. The Internet and other new media offer the potential for radically transforming media experiences pertained to sporting activities. What do brand-new media carry out that is various from the conventional electronic and print media? Exordinary the differences and also how they affect the relationships in between spectators and also the sports they consume with the media. 7. New media readjust both the production and also consumption of sport-connected content and also programming. Use parkour or one more “activity sport” as an instance to display exactly how this occurs and also how brand-new media transform the experiences of both athletes and media sport consumers.
8. Fantasy sporting activities have actually grown quickly among certain human being that consume sports through the media. Exsimple why this development has actually arisen and also exactly how it has adjusted the media intake suffer for spectators that consume NFL football and also Major League Baseball through the media.9. Athletes at your university have acquired right into trouble utilizing social media. You have been hired to create a social media policy for the athletic department. Identify the three major components of the policy, and describe how you would certainly explain to the athletes why you produced each of them.10. Video games are ending up being significantly innovative in regards to their ability to simulate the athletes and also actions of television sporting activities. Do you think that video game sporting activities will certainly ever come to be as renowned as televised sports? Exordinary why or why not. In your explacountry emphadimension the distinctions between the two experiences. 11. Research is necessary to research the experiences of world who play sport video games. You are heading up a research study team that is doing one of these research studies. What are the significant research study questions you would ask, and just how would certainly you go around trying to answer them? 12. Many of us play sporting activities that carry out not depfinish on the media. But commercial sports are different than recreational sporting activities, and also they depend on the media for their success. Explain the differences between recreational and commercial sporting activities and also define exactly how commercial sports depfinish on the media.13. Your friend states that sporting activities have actually marketed out to the media and also that television has actually corrupted sports. She argues that sporting activities have actually readjusted over the previous 40 years, and also that the alters are resulted in by television. You say that she is jumping to conclusions and she wants you to explain your suggest. Use product from the chapter to respond.14. People that watch ESPN and also usage ESPN apps to consume sporting activities content are heavily subsidized by civilization that never watch ESPN and don’t care about watching sports. How does this happen and what would happen if points adjusted so that human being who wanted to watch specific sports had to pay the complete amount of their access prices as charged by cable and also satellite companies? 15. Page with a newly publimelted sporting activities area of a major city newspaper. List the ads that show up in the section. To whom are those ads directed? What execute the ads tell us around whom the sports section is created for? Do the stories and also photos in the sports section reflect these assumptions? 16. A few tv providers around the people have actually phelp massive quantities of money for the legal rights to cover particular sport events, even as soon as they do not anticipate that the ratings will certainly be as high as they are for prime time programming. Why would television carriers be so eager to cover sporting activities in light of the reality that they seldom lure massive audiences, except in the situation of a minimal variety of special events?17. The connection between sports and the media is sustained by economics and also ideological background. What does this mean? As you respond to this question identify the global financial components that have intensified the partnership between sporting activities and also the media, and also then indicate which of those determinants are most crucial in the country wright here you live.18. People without thorough understanding about a details sport frequently say they would quite watch the sport on TV than review about it in the newspaper. Why is this? What are the major differences in between the means sports are spanned in the print media versus the means they are extended in the broadactors media?19. Mediated sporting activities are symbolic constructions, just as Hollyhardwood films and television soap opages are symbolic constructions. What is supposed by this suggest, and what is connected in the media building of sports? Provide examples to assistance your points.20. The imperiods and also messeras underlying media coverage of sporting activities in the USA regularly revolve roughly success. How is success stood for in media imperiods and narratives and also does this representation have an influence on the method you or others think about concerns pertained to success, status, and develops of social company in the U.S.?21. The coverage of sports in North American media has actually influenced the ways that human being in Canada and the UNITED STATE think around masculinity, femininity, and also gender relations overall. Use product from the chapter and also from your personal endure to either agree or disagree through this statement.22. You"re a new editor at Sports Illustrated. At your initially editorial meeting the major item on the agenda is the February swimsuit concern. It is determined that it is economically unwise to drop the swimsuit concern, yet it is additionally chose that if the swimsuit issue is ongoing, tright here need to be various other alters in the magazine to current a fair picture of woguys in sporting activities. As a new editor, you are called on to make some suggestions for changes. How would certainly you respond?23. You know a highly visible female athlete that has actually regularly been asked to current herself in sexy poses for the photos taken in connection via stories composed around her. She asks you why this happens, and desires to understand what she need to carry out – take it off or leave it on? You comment on through her the results of her options in addition to the other problems associated. What perform you say to her?24. People from the media periodically resolve men and also womales athletes in different ways. What are examples of some of these differences? And how would certainly you advise women athletes that have to confront interviewers and photographers whose viewpoints are grounded in typical sex ideology? What is the goal underlying your advice? 25. One of your friends claims that the only fair and also informative way to cover sports in the media is to use a colorblind method when it comes to race and ethnicity. You say that this is neither fair nor indevelopmental. Your friend accuses you of being a typical liberal, but he is willing to listen to your explanation. What carry out you say to assistance your position?26. You are referred to as in as an advisor to the President"s Council on Fitness, Sports and also Nutrition. The two topics being debated are (1) whether television sports are turning human being in the U.S. into couch potatoes, and (2) whether the television coverage of skilled sports is damaging people"s interests in local high school, college, and also amateur sporting activities. The Council wants advice from you. What carry out you tell them?27. A journalism student in your sport sociology course asks you why tbelow seems to be so a lot stress and anxiety between elite athletes and sportswriters. She additionally has actually noticed that there is a lot less anxiety in the relationships between athletes and also tv announcers. How would you respond to her question? In your response, recognize the significant differences between sportswriters and sporting activities announcers, and talk about them in regards to just how they can be concerned tensions via athletes.