The correct choices are as follows:1. C. The double helix, the neucleosome, the coil, supercoil and also the chromosomes are all related to DNA although they differ in sizes. The neucleosome describes a unit of eukaryotic chromosome, which is consisted of of a length of DNA coiled about histones. Coil and supercoils describes the structures obtained from the wrapping and also folding of DNA framework. The chromosome is the the threview favor structure written of nucleic acid, which is discovered in the nucleus of living organisms.  2. B. Mitosis is a kind of cell division in which 2 similar daughter cells are created from a single parent cell. The process is split into five stperiods, which are intephase, prophase, metaphase, anaphase and telophase. The G2 phase of mitosis describes the second subphase of interphase. At this stage, the cell is preparing for mitosis by proceeding to grow and producing new proteins. 3. The correct choice is D. The interphase phase of mitotic cell division is made up of G1, S and G2 phases. In G1 phase, the cell increase in dimension, create RNA and synthesize proteins. DNA replication occurs in the time of the S phase. During the G2 phase, the cell proceed to create new proteins in preparation for cell department. 4. The correct option is C. At the metaphase stage, the cell chromosomes allign in the middle of the cell while the centrosomes prepare to separate the sister chromatids. The metaphase stage is the shortest stage in the cell cycle division, it just take about 4% of the moment required to complete a totality cell cycle.

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1.The smallest framework is the double helix while the largest is the chromosome.

2.G2 phase is the 3rd phase in cellular department wherein the cell prepares itself for the M phase.

3.Interphase comprises of 3 phases, namely, G1 phase, G2 phase, and S phase.

4.Metaphase is known to take much less amount of time to complete.

Explanation:

1.The double helix of the DNA or deoxyribonucleic acid, nucleosome, coil, supercoil, and the chromosomes are all linked to the DNA and they differ in their sizes. The nucleosome is well-known to be the basic unit of the eukaryotic chromosome that is written of DNA coiled around the histones. The supercoils and coils show to the frameworks which are obtained from the folding and wrapping of the structure of the DNA. The chromosome refers to the thread-prefer framework which is made up of nucleic acid and also is oboffered in the nucleus of the living organisms.

2.Cell cycle describes the cellular division of the cell; it is the series of occasions which occurs within a cell that results in duplication of the DNA or deoxyribonucleic acid and division of the cytoplasm and also various other organelles in order to geneprice 2 daughter cells. This cycle comprises of 4 phases, namely, G1, S, G2, and also M phase.

The cell enters the G1 phase wherein the cell synthesizes the proteins as well as mRNA or messenger ribonucleic acid in preparation for the following upcoming phases which bring about mitosis. Next off stage is the S phase wherein the synthesis of DNA takes location.

G2 phase is the next phase wherein the cell prepares itself by allowing it to flourish and generate brand-new proteins needed for the following phase dubbed M phase. Mitosis is the final phase wherein the two the same daughter cells are made from one parent cell.

3.The cell cycle is extensively segregated into 3 phases, namely, interphase, M phase, and also cytokinesis. Interphase is the longest stage of the cellular cycle and also it comprises of 3 phases, G1 phase, S, and G2 phase. Tright here is a G0 phase or quiescent phase. During the G1 phase, the cell prepares itself for the following phases of cell cycle, S phase involves synthesis of DNA, and G2 is the production of new proteins necessary for the M phase.

4.During the mitotic phase, the parental cell segreentrances and also produces 2 identical daughter cells. This phase is further segregated right into prophase adhered to by metaphase, anaphase, and finally telophase. During metaphase, the chromosomes align themselves onto the equatorial or metaphase plate and also the centrosomes prepare to segregate the sister chromatids. This phase takes only about 4% of the time required to finish the whole cell cycle.

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Answer Details:

Grade: High school

Subject: Biology

Chapter: Genes and also genetics

Keywords:

Chromosome, DNA, nucleotides, nucleosome, coil, supercoil, dimension, double helix, histones, cell cycle, cell department, m phase, mitosis, interphase, G1 phase, S phase, G2 phase, DNA, RNA, mRNA, proteins, mitosis, metaphase, prophase, telophase, anaphase, metaphase plate, sister chromatids, daughter cells.